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Gastrointestinal Manifestations of STAT3-Deficient Hyper-IgE Syndrome

Abstract

Objective

STAT 3 deficiency (autosomal dominant hyper immunoglobulin E syndrome (AD-HIES)) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder with multi-organ involvement caused by dominant negative signal transducer and activator of transcription gene 3 (STAT3) mutations. We sought to describe the gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of this disease.

Methods

Seventy subjects aged five to 60 years with a molecular diagnosis of AD-HIES were evaluated at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Data collection involved a GI symptom questionnaire and retrospective chart review.

Results

In our cohort of 70 subjects, we found that 60% had GI symptoms (42/70). The most common manifestations were gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) observed in 41%, dysphagia in 31%, and abdominal pain in 24%. The most serious complications were food impaction in 13% and colonic perforation in 6%. Diffuse esophageal wall thickening in 74%, solid stool in the right colon in 50% (12/24), and hiatal hernia in 26% were the most prevalent radiologic findings. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) demonstrated esophageal tortuosity in 35% (8/23), esophageal ulceration in 17% (4/23), esophageal strictures requiring dilation in 9% (2/23), and gastric ulceration in 17% (4/23). Esophageal eosinophilic infiltration was an unexpected histologic finding seen in 65% (11/17).

Conclusion

The majority of AD-HIES subjects develop GI manifestations as part of their disease. Most notable are the symptoms and radiologic findings of GI dysmotility, as well as significant eosinophilic infiltration, concerning for a secondary eosinophilic esophagitis. These findings suggest that the STAT3 pathway may be implicated in a new mechanism for the pathogenesis of several GI disorders.



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